Annual Report Details

Annual Report 1991-1992

Deepalaya Annual Report for the year 1992-93. The report is an account of community work that we as an organization doing for the less-privileged people of society. The report is a detailed document about our work, impact, collaboration, donors, and financials.

Annual Report 1991-1992

The Deepalaya Education Society is renamed as Deepalaya. Phase Out Policy is formally established. 


“To establish a new peaceful, socio-economic, politico-cultural order which will help  and enlighten communities to transform themselves in to selfreliant, self-governed and  exploitation – freesocial – structures that will foster a healthy and appropriate environment for the development of the disadvantaged, especially the children.


The child and fulfillment of its immediate and future needs through integrated development programmes.


The conceptualization, planning and implementation of development programmes with people’s consensus, cooperation and participation towards a long-term  objective of rendering the communities, a self-reliant status.

Deepalaya Moves on …

A pot-pourri of events characterised the course of the turbulent and turmoil filled year, the year gone by, the year 1991.  The Prime Minister cold blooded assassination, the political upheavals, the religious confrontations and a host of  other problems irked the masses through the year.  Needless to say, the have-nots bore the brunt of it all, to the core.

Deepalaya, in the face of many provocation arising out of disparities in the social-system, silently went on with its work of delivering goods to the poor and the resourceless while guiding them to better and brighter tomorrow.  Still, Deepalaya has miles to go, to meet and live up to many more expectations-expectations emanating from the child- the child who is our tomorrow.


14 years ago, seven of them came together to serve the cause of the poor.  Others joined in later to form the executive board of Deepalaya Education Society.  A society deprived of education is a society deprived of progress has been their belief and since then Deepalaya school and a host of allied development activity, growing day by day is what they are all proud of today;


Pre School – 3200, Formal School  – 2355, Remedial Education  – 4751, Non Formal Education – 2056, Adult  Education –  1525


Growth Monitoring & Supplementary Nutrition  – 5600, Immunisation – 8379, Dental & Eye care  -8630, Potable water  -5000, Housing   -319, Communicable diseases  – 11215

Community Organisation

Central Co-ordination  Committee – 1, Formal Associations – 41, Informal Groups – 97, Youth Groups – 20, Women’s Group – 32
Community Revolving fund  – Rs.24,51,960
Recovery Rate   80%

Income Generation Programme

Skill training – 803, Small Business Development – 637, Petty trading units – 154, Micro Enterprises – 8, Group  Enterprises – 2, Employment Bureau – 1

Through The Years

Since the year of its inception, 1978, Deepalaya has forged ahead with relentless efforts towards organizing people to participate in programmes in the field of education, health, community organization and income generation.  From 5 in 1978 to 13,500 in 1992, Deepalaya today takes pride in reaching out to the families of these (children) in  21 slum clusters of Delhi for an overall  improvement of the living conditions  there of.  To achieve this, Deepalaya in the last 14 years, has trained people – men and women both, for gainful employment through the path of functional literacy and vocational guidance.  The crusade is on since then ……


The mainstay of Deepalaya development activity, Education, imparts instructional and functional academic input to different age groups in its formal non-formal, remedial and adult education classes.  The pre-school education aims at cognitive development, inculcation of healthy habits and discipline.  The Remedial Education  centres serve as support coaching centres for the weak students who are otherwise enrolled in MCD and other government schools.  The NFE centres take care of the school dropouts and the adult education classes aim at introducing the illiterate adults particularly women to the literacy classes where the emphasis is more on utilisation knowledge than on formal syllabus bound class-room teaching.  Within the ambit of certain set goals, the methodology for each of these academic streams varies as per the needs and demands of the beneficiary groups.


In tune with the Health for all goal by the year 2000, Deepalaya embarks upon the task of creating mass-awareness about the basic of healthy -living.  The health workers,Prathamas as they are called in the hierarchy of the health functionaries, are the women drawn from within the communities to spread the word on good health in all its ramifications.  While reaching out to the people seeking their participation in health-practices, the Prathamas are also expected  to register the feed back about people’s need and aspirations that invariably help planners formulate policies for better implementation of health programmes.  Base-line surveys, small group meetings, group leaders training etc. are all the means by which communities are pulled into the fold of better living.
Besides the above mentioned community level health activities viz. preventive, curative and promotive, the school children are subjected to regular growth monitoring and health checkups.  The identified malnourished and the border line cases are given supplementary nutrition along with appropriate medical intervention and health input.

Preventive               Curative    
    Beneficiaries     Diseases          Patients 1991-92
Pre-post Natal Care      2164     T.B 1730 1034
      143 108
Immunization      1781     Leprosy 39     19
    Skin diseases    140 120
Polio 1951 General ailments 1212 633
Booster (immunisation)  978     Diarrhea 154    96
    Other Dental Care 42     58


Family Planning Intervention
Permanent     50 76
Temporary      20 177


Total Growth Monitoring and Nutrition care  At the beginningof the year 1990-91 At the end of theyear 1991-92
1) Ist Degree malnourished     301     1628
2) 2nd Degree malnourished     1680 476
3) 3rd Degree malnourished     338 165
4) Special nutritional care     23     0
5) Medical intervention    95 0
Community Organisation Programmes
Occupation/Activity  1990-91 1991-92 Community Organisation
Women Groups 20 32 The Community Organization sector in the last one year has entered a new phase.  The office bearers of the organised.
Youth Groups     15 20 Block  level association are  involving themselves with the staff of Deepalaya for organising.
Sanitation Groups    4 8 implementing and monitoring the programmes.  The  sub committees of the associations have 
Housing Groups    52 80 taken up some of the responsibilities like  purchasing the required items for running community kitchens
Informal Groups     78 90 purchasing the required items for running community kitchens assisting  in procuring
Formal Associations             material for establishing small business units and other community based activities.  As on date the
Unregistered Associations     23 39 Associations have also been acquainted  with the administrative norms and all  the field staffs are on their pay roll.  The responsibility of monitoring the programme more closely, thus is warranted.
Parent Teacher Associations     42 75 A loser scrutiny will enable them to become increasingly independent and ultimately self reliant.

communication  Groups    
2 3 The formal associations have formed their by-laws and the process of registering them under the societies act has already started.evolving fund has enabled many a families in the community to procure assets which would otherwise have been beyond their purchasing power.

Empowered Groups    
7 20  change in their life styles.  The  revolving fund concept is founded on the principles of thrift and
Specialized Groups, leading to self –    reliance  12 23 saving and one remarkable features of Deepalaya’s revolving fund has been the high recovery rate from the beneficiaries who seek loan and return loan for the other beneficiaries in their group involved in credit & thrift.
Income Generation Programmes
Targets achieved in the year 1991-92
Occupation/Activity      Beneficiaries
Petty Traders 63
Small business Groups     44
Entrepreneurs     35
Self employed     105
Production Groups     3
Processing Groups     20
Community entrepreneurs      1
Income Generation

Deepalayas approach to income generation over the years, has revolved around the concepts of utilisation of the available resources, traditional local and conventional, to the maximum benefit of the underprivileged with the long term objective of enabling them to attain self-reliance.  An exhaustive study of the inherent strengths of the target communities in terms of manpower with traditional skills and know how thus forms a pre-requisite of all the income enhancement projects undertaken by Deepalaya. With the past experience of working with a sole mission of lending empowerment through education, Deepalaya reiterates its faith in  an integrated approach that commands co-ordination  of literacy and community organisation endeavor with income enhancement projects.  The programmes thus encompass identification of beneficiaries, training and orientation, production, resource mobilisation for sales and rehabilitation by enabling them to be self-reliant with self-generated funds. To attain this Deepalaya has also taken upon itself  the task of a mentor to facilitate loan -seeking or any such support or help that may be needed to launch viable and sustainable projects benefiting the poor.

The year that was, Trends & Reflections

Education:         Non Formal          


 Education: Formal

Indicators    West Delhi   South Delhi           South Delhi Total enrollment
  1990-91           1991-92       1990-91   1991-92      
Enrollment 395  402 622 637





75-85%  80-90%   35-95% 80-90% Promoted to next class secured  above 60% marks
Performance (in terms of admission toformal schools) 35%          55%   60% 55% 62% Secured more than 50%
Integration with the  main stream 190     200 310 295  30%

For purposes of clarity and understanding, the educational programmes, run by Deepalaya are evaluated (as above) project wise.  In West Delhi the education and development activity concentrates itself in 16 slum clusters around Raghubir Nagar, Khyala Gram, Kirti Nagar and Meera Bagh.  At South Delhi, all the five slum clusters are the focus of Deepalaya activity.  The locales are Sanjay Colony (Okhla Industrial Area Phase -II), Transit Camp (Kalkaji Extension), Golekuan (Okhla Industrial Area Phase-I) Gandhi Basti (East of  Kailash) and Tagore Basti (East of Kailash).  In West Delhi, the integrated child Development programmes were conceived at the time of conception whereas in South Delhi, the development activity in the slums took off as an extension activity of the formal school functioning where fulfillment of the childrens needs required, the fulfillment of their families, needs.

Remedial Education

The Remedial Education Centres run under the aegis of Deepalaya provide a platform for those first generation learners who look up to Deepalaya for support coaching which they miss at home because  of their parents inability to teach.

As many as seventeen units of  cater to needs of around 450 children who go to other schools but regularly attend Deepalaya’s Remedial Education Centres in South Delhi.

The pre-school centres run under the aegis of Deepalaya have shown a steady growth over the last few years.  The number of balwadis have increased at the insistence of the communities.  The girl child enrollment has shown a positive trend, marking the desired dent in the attitude pattern of the traditional communities.  The approach and methodology remaining the same. the time to time intervention by the education experts in the form of workshop and seminars, has lent Deepalaya pre-school teaching an enviable status.

Education: Remedial    Education :  Pre-school        
Indicators     West & South Delhi   Indicators  West & South Delhi  
  1990-91 1991-92       1990-91 1991-92 
Enrollment    4157  5998 Enrollment 3092 3200
Attendance    80-90%    75 -80% Attendance 85-90%  85-90%
Performance score above 50%      50% 60%   Drop out  Negligible  Negligible

Training Programmes for the Year 1991-92


SL. No    Name of the organisation Subject  The trainees No. of participants  No. of times
1 Plan international     FOES   PD/EC/EDP supervisor 6 1
2 DPP    FOES PD/DPs/DAs/Health workers    25 1
3 Personnel lab    Time mgt. Trg. Officer 1 1
4     DPP/Plan          HMIS  PO/CLW/EDP  4 1
5 Dr.Gulati    Health CLWs/health guide 97 747
6 CRY & VHAI     Community A/C  POs  1 1
7 CYSD     Micro-enterprise devp. APD 1 1
8 ARVIND EYE INSTITUTE     Vitamin A     APD 1 1
9 DPP           Drug abuse CLW/DP  15 1
10 DPP    DSD-     Communi, pkg. POs/DPs/DAs 35 3
11 Plan/Myrada     PRA  PO   1 1
12 Plan  international Performance appraisal PD/HRD/ team 4 1
13 Plan  international       Foes  EC 1 2
14     DPP           Induction programme  DPs 6 2
15  DPP    Trg. need identification    Association member 80 1
16 DPP+ Mr.Kashyap          IGPDSD-new communication pkg. POs/DPs/DAs 40 2
17 DPP            -DO-    -DO-   45 4
18 Delhi Coop.Society      Trg. on Coop   POs/Asson.memb 5 1
19 Tamanna    Mental Retd.   CLWs  35 3
20 VHAI       Health Management  PO/DP 2 1
21  Stores & purchase procedures Auditing     Stores & purchase procedures  Stores & purchase officers 2 1
22 Parivar Seva Sansthan       Family Health Education  Community 165 5
23 Personnel Lab       Time Mgmt.   PO/Exec. staff 14 1
24 Centre for software edu. service.       Computers PO/DPs 11 1
25 IEC      . Computer  A/c Asst 1 1
26 Computer centre       -do-  PD/Accountant 2 1
27  Plan/TCS    Accountant  Trg. of Trainers    Accountant 1  
28 Indian Social Institute    Para legal      
29 ACCORD       Self Devp.& Team bldg.  Exec staff, HRD team 9 3
30 NIPCCD        Project formulation & Mgt. of prog. for mother & child    Prog. consultant 1 1
31 DIET(DIST. INS. OF ED TRG.) Non formal education     CLW   1
32 Aastha      TOT   Ed. Officer 2 1
33 CRY     Balwadi    Teachers Staff trainer 1 1
34  CRY     A/C Mgt     DP 1 1

Workers Delight
‘Professional Inputs

Each on the development scenario, brings for Deepalaya trainers, teachers and managers – new challenges to face in view of the human interactions that evolve and adopt varied stances to changing environs.  Deepalaya equips its staff to handle this human – laboratory with care and concern, suitably matching it with professional inputs.  The concept building, planning budgeting, monitoring, teaching, resourcing etc. are the various fields where workers at all levels are provided specialized training for the maximum output and benefit for the target audience in the slums.  The year 1991-92 saw the following professional input coming Deepalayas way.

Communication Division

The fundraising desk which became operational since November 1990 to match the international funding has hither to been made part of the communication Division of Deepalaya.  The Communications Division and its functioning is geared towards sensitizing the Indian public towards the course that Deepalaya has been spear-heading for the last 14 years.  That the fund -raising alone could not yield the desired results for a long term sustenance of the sponsorship projects, the need to undertake certain innovative projects was felt under the umbrella of Communications per se.  Between March 1991 and April   has hither to been made part of the communication

The strategy evolved in all communication endeavors however was to obtain annual and perpetual sponsorship to get more and more children in the Deepalaya fold.
We have support & Collaboration of :
Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India
Income Tax Department
Slum Wing (DDA)
The Municipal Corporation of Delhi
The National Open School

It was Deepalaya privilege to have received the following visitors in the project locales for giving them the first hand feel of the development activity.
Most. Rev. Alexander Marthoma accompanied by Rt. Rev. Iraneus.
A delegation of Canadian Parliamentarians
Ms. Lakshmi Venkatesen, Trustee BYST(Bharatiya Yuva Shakti Trust)
A world Bank team headed by Ms. P.L. Randall.
Ms. Khin Sandi Lwin-Unicef
Our Tomorrow

Deepalaya looks forward to a bigsplurge into action by way of :-

1.  Launching an awareness drive all over India through the mass-media.  Appeal advertisements human -interest stories highlighting Deepalayas efforts shall find place in the print and electronic media in the years to come.
2. Formation of street corner Theatre groups in the forms for propagation of literacy , health and better living messages.
3. Working towards eradication of tuberculosis and achieving targets set by the total immunization campaigns.  Attempts to rehabilitate the physically and mentally handicapped  children shall find place in the priority sectors.
4. Organizing peoples groups (samitis) towards total self reliance

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